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Vignai Da Duline

www.vignadaiduline.com | Download PDF |

At a Glance

  • Domaine established: 1920
  • New winery built: 1997
  • Owner: Lorenzo Mocchiutti & Federica Magrini
  • Heads of viticulture & Head Winemaker: Lorenzo Mocchiutti
  • Closure type: Cork
  • Vegan: Yes

Vineyards

La Duline: 4ha family vines in Grave del Friuli, back to 1920 planted vines on the limestone plains, with their house alongside
Ronco Pitotti: 6 ha @ hills of Colli Orientali del Friuli, ‘practising-organic’ >40yrs. Flysch marn and silex terroir. Surrounded by 20ha of woods.

Key white grape varities: Malvasia Istriana; Pinot Grigio; Friulano; Sauvignon Storico Friulano; Chardonnay
Key red grape varities: Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso; Schioppettino; Pinot Nero; Merlot Storico Friulano
Average vine age: planted from 1920 to 2015
Total area of vines: 10 ha
Total area under white grapes: 5.8 ha/ha
Total area under red grapes: 4.2 ha
Average yield: 85 hl/ha

Agriculture

Certified organic, biodynamic impulse and Fukuoka inspiration.

Organic certified by: Icea since 1997 to 2018; CEVIQ since 2019

Defining practices: In the mind: no consultants.
In the field: old vines; no trimming of the shoots – Chioma Integrale®; no tillage; sodseeding Fukuoka style; dry-farmed; neither fertilizer nor compost/manure added.
In the cellar: All wines refined in seasoned oak casks of various sizes; very small % of new wood; ambient yeast; malo-lactic completely done; sulfites only at bottling.
In analysis: alcohol by volume (ABV) range of 12.5% to 13.5% – rarely above

Corks & Casks

CORK : Since 2017, TCA tested by Aeffe of Sardinia & J.Vigas of Catalonia. The latter are also nosed by University of Udine in a research program. CASKS: Mastro Bottaio for 500L demi-muids with 5 years stave aging, 5cm thick staves, untoasted. Cadus for 225L casks with 2.5cm stave thickness.

Chioma Integrale® – a small compendium:

Aka untrimmed shoots / integral foliage. From ‘E’un vino paesaggio’ by Simonetta Lorigliola.

1. Significantly increased resistance to water stress. The untrimmed plant always has deeper roots than a trimmed one, because there is a mirror effect between the aerial and underground vegetation. The more widespread root system allows greater exploration in the soil, which has benefits on nutrition & water supply. In a clipped plant, the females grow during the entire vegetative season, inducing greater need for water which can lead to water stress.

2. Greater climatic adaptation of the vine. Which translates into a continuous balance over the years. The plant regulates itself. Even with climate change. It responds in a more adequate and balanced way to the conditions of the vintage. For example, it produces longershoots in years when light is low, and shorter shoots when there is plenty of heat and light: the plant regulates itself. The “sensors” of the vine are right on the vegetative apexes.

3. An increase in the quality of tannins and polyphenols in reds. In the production of an uncropped plant their quantity is greater, because the plant concentrates on the maturation of its seed, the grape seed. This allows, through long macerations, to extract after a month and a half extraordinary tannins, key elements in the conservation and refinement of the wine.

4. A chioma integrale vine does not need to be defoliated. In this way the old leaves are not eliminated, positioned next to the bunches, wrongly considered useless and parasitic. They are the main producers of antioxidants, which are transferred in the grape and in the wine.

5. The result of chioma integrale is always the production of well-ripened grapes, of physiological maturity, and well balanced. Sugar and therefore alcohol content are generally lower, which preserves the freshness of the wine. The integral crown allows to align the physiological maturity with the technological one.

Links

Article Links:
2020: www.rosemurraybrown.com/rose-uncut/articles/holistic-viticulture-in-friuli (by Rose Murray Brown MW in The Scotsman newspaper.)
2018: www.cntraveler.com/story/friuli-venezia-giulia-is-an-italy-far-removed-from-its-stereotypes
2015: uncorkedinitaly.com/vignai-da-duline-spiritual-wine/

Timeline

2023 4 mini-vertical tastings at Enoteca Turi, London; 25th harvest
2022 vertical of Morus Alba® 2005 to 2020 during Ein Prosit, Udine
2021 vertical of Morus Nigra® 2003 to 2019 at FIVI, Piacenza
2020 article by Rose Murray Brown MW in The Scotsman
2019 vertical of Pittoti Sauvignon 1991 to 2016 at Enoteca Tabarro, Parma
2018 Conde Naste Traveller article featuring Duline
2017 start of stem inclusion in Refosco Morus Nigra
2017 ‘E’un vino paesaggio’ book about Duline by Simonetta Lorigliola (Derive Approdi), subtitled ‘Practices and theories of a planetary winemaker in Friuli.’
2016 1st release of pure Sauvignon from Ronco Pitotti
2014 2ha of Duline lost in 1956, bought again
2013 1st release of Ronco Pitotti Pinot Nero
2013 Massimo Poldelmengo’s land art exhibiton in Ronco Pitotti – the altar / pyramid
2013 vertical of Ronco Pitotti Pinot Nero 1992 to 2012 at Enoteca Tabarro, Parma
2008 1st Tre Bicchieri in Gambero Rosso for Morus Nigra® 20052005 and 2009: birth of our girls in our house in Duline
2003 Wedding celebration in Duline
2001 Federica & Lorenzo take on Ronco Pitotti
1999 undertake BD farming course and build of our natural wood house in Duline
1997 Federica & Lorenzo take on La Duline
1990s (early) Lorenzo starts to help grandfather
1992 Ronco Pitotti is certified organic
1979 start of organics at Ronco Pitotti
1920s Lorenzo’s grandparents plant La Duline


White Wines

WineGrape variety
Ronco PitottiPinot Grigio
DulineFriulano
Ronco PitottiChardonnay
Morus AlbaMalvasia Istriana & Sauvignon Blanc
Chioma IntegraleMalvasia Istriana
La Malvasia (magnums only)Malvasia Istriana (1940 vines)
Giallo di Tocai (magnums only)Friulano

Red Wines

WineGrape Variety
DulineSchioppettino
Ronco PitottiPinot Noir
Morus NegraRefosco dal Peduncolo Rosso
Il Merlot (magnums only)Merlot

Q & A

Q: What are currently the main concerns at your estate (eg. global warming, biodiversity, water, barrels, single-use plastics, closures, the market, price inflation, etc.?)
A: We are working to improve our consciousness about all the things you list

Q: Does the estate grow anything besides grapes?
A: Daughters and horses

Q: Best books or articles you have read?
A: Le sol, la Terre et les Champs, Sang de la terre (Claude and Lydia Bourguignon); The One Straw Revolution, by Masanobu Fukuoka.

Q: Best food pairings with your wines?
A: Sea for whites, best friends for reds

Q: Aside from your own wines, what do you enjoy drinking?
A: We don’t drink our wines at home nor restaurant! We love to taste salty and rich in terroir wines from all over the world; Federica sometimes loves Americano drink.

Q: Name of the winery dog/cat/alligator?
A: Too many! 6 cats, 3 geese, 7 ducks and two horses!